Fragrances evoke feelings, trigger moods, and bring back memories. A person’s signature scent is often what they are remembered by. In fact, since time immemorial, people in power are known to have spent a lot of time concocting the perfect fragrance for themselves. The bottled fragrances or perfumes as we call them have always found their way in our dressing drawers and are a must-dab before heading out on a daily basis.
Perfumes are created by mixing fragrances with ethanol or water in varying portions. They are classified into different kinds based on the concentration of fragrance.
Parfum which is also known as Extrait de parfum or pure perfume has the highest concentration of fragrance. It lasts as long as 8 hours and is best for the skin due to the lower concentration of alcohol. They’re also the most expensive due to a high fragrance concentration of about 40 percent.
Eau de Parfum
Eau de parfum has the next highest concentration of fragrance after Parfum. It is less expensive and suitable for everyday wear. The fragrance concentration is about 20 percent and lasts up to 4 hours.
Eau de Toilette
Eau de toilette which comes from the French term ‘faire sa toilette‘ which means getting ready, is the most commonly used, especially for the day. It has a fragrance concentration of about 5-10 percent and is much cheaper than the other two. It lasts up to 3 hours.
Eau de Cologne
Eau de cologne has the least concentration of fragrance of up to 2-4 percent. With the highest amount of alcohol, it is the cheapest among the perfumes and also comes in larger bottles. It lasts up to 2 hours.
Eau Fraiche is just like Eau de cologne in terms of concentration of fragrance but unlike cologne, the other half of the concoction is mostly water. It may last about 2 hours under favourable conditions, but they usually have to be reapplied through the day.
Attar also known as ittar is a natural, organic, and fragrant essential oil derived from flowers through distillation. Attar is made from various botanical sources like jasmine, rose, sandalwood, and even herbs and spices. These are herbal perfumes predominantly used in Arab countries.
Attar is classified on the basis of the effect it has on the body:
It usually includes musk, saffron, and amber which are used in winters as they are believed to increase the body temperature.
They are believed to have a cooling effect on the body and are preferred during the summers. It includes rose, jasmine, khud, kewda, and mogra.
Cream-based perfumes come in compact cases. They’re made with fragrance, oils, and beeswax. Unlike bottled perfumes, they’re much easier to carry around. The smell, however, isn’t as strong and lasting as alcohol-based perfumes.
Deodorant is composed of aluminum salts which help in the bacterial breakdown of sweat. Deodorants increase the acidity of the skin which curbs the growth of odor-producing bacteria. These are cheap and handy and most commonly used by teenagers. It’s also good for athletes who engage in a lot of sweat-inducing activities, and need to constantly manage their odor.
(Contributed by Deblina Munshi)